Introduction – Currently, India is one of the largest producers of engineers all around the globe. Surprisingly, the studies indicate that India produces 1.5 million engineers every year from 400 institutes. To highlight, this figure is more than that of engineers in the USA and China.
The Indian Institutes of Technology are an autonomous public institute for higher education in engineering in India. IIT’s have 23 campuses in India. They enjoy the status of Institutes of National Importance.
In addition, the National Institute of Technology (NIT’s) are colleges based on engineering in India. Earlier, they were called as the Regional Engineering Colleges (REC’s). There are around 31 NIT institutes in and around India.
Entrance Examinations For Engineering in India
The admissions to candidates in B.Tech and M.Tech programs are given through few entrance examinations as mentioned below:
- JEE Advanced (The Joint Entrance Examination Advanced) -1,50,000 students apply annually. Astonishingly, out of which 11,032 get selected.
- JEE MAIN 2019 (Joint Entrance Exam Mains) – 1,50,000 students initially qualify for JEE Mains. On an average, this exam is taken by around 1.3 million people in India.
- The entrance examinations conducted for pursuing postgraduate courses in IIT’s are GATE (for M.Tech), JAM (for M.Sc), CEEd (for M.des).
- The admission for Ph.D program is primarily based on a personal interview. Even though the candidates have written their examinations.
- IIT’s have a significant education policy compared to the other educational systems in India.
- The admissions to Undergraduate programs of all the NIT’s were done by the All India Engineering Entrance Exam (AIEEE). Now, it is replaced by JEE-MAIN (Joint Entrance Exam-Mains)
- More than 1400000 applicants took part in the year 2013, approximately 15500 seats in B.Tech and B.Arch available in all the NIT’s put together.
To enumerate, some of the best colleges you will get after qualifying JEE Main with good marks are:
- Indian Institute of Science, Bengaluru, Karnataka
- National Institute of Technology Tiruchirappalli (NIT Trichy)
- Visvesvaraya National Institute of Technology, Nagpur(VNIT)
- National Institute of Technology Rourkela (NITR)
- Birla Institute of Technology, Mesra, Ranchi, Jharkhand
- National Institute of Technology Surathkal, Karnataka (NITK)
- International Institute of Information Technology, Hyderabad (IIITH)
- National Institute of Technology Warangal, Telangana (NITW)
- Delhi Technological University, New Delhi (DTU)
- Institute of Chemical Technology, Mumbai(ICT)
- National Institute of Technology Durgapur, (NIT DGP)
Advancements in Engineering
Recently, the engineering developments and innovations are taking place at a rapid rate. Especially, the main future revolves around teaching. The teaching methods in engineering education are likely to get revolutionized.
Information and communications technologies are being incorporated. Also, the use of virtual and simulated laboratories is being done in the field of automotive engineering.
The following advancements are taking place in the field of engineering pedagogy:
- Inculcation of Robotics and Artificial Intelligence (AI)
- The use of simulation and analysis software in the testing of materials
- The emphasis on practical education in automobile, electrical and mechanical engineering
- Organizing the workshops and knowledge transfer seminars
Fields of concern in Engineering
Sadly, India has one of the lowest higher education enrollment ratio of 11%. To highlight, the same in the USA has been 83%. To encounter the target of increasing enrollment levels to 15% in 2012, the Eleventh Plan estimates that India needs to invest INR 2,26,410 crore. Despite that, it supposed to set aside only INR 77,933 crore-just a fourth of the total needed.
A recent study of McKinsey shows that only one out of ten Indian students with degrees in humanities are employable. In addition, one out of four engineering graduates is employable.
In about 50 years, only 44 private institutions have a deemed university status by the University Grants Commission. In the span of 5 years, it is granted with a status of 49 more, leading to charges of impropriety.
But, this landscape is changing slowly. The awareness among the public is more now. Thanks to the internet. Currently, the Government of India has given the green light to many of the campaigns. To enumerate, these campaigns are Digital India and Beti Bachao and Beti Padhao. With the result, all these things are making the youth and the public capable of maximizing their potential.
There will be an opportunity to expand and to diversify the nation’s science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) workforce. Gradually, the current scenario is changing. With time, new fields are emerging. This is proving to be a golden opportunity for the aspirants of India.
Hence, we can say that India can again be one of the best places to work for the engineers. Thus, the path to becoming an engineer is very simplified these days. Only the students need to be hardworking and willing to take them on the next level.